In recent years, electric vehicles have become increasingly popular and there is a lot of debate and controversy surrounding them. One of the most common myths about electric vehicles is that they are virtually indestructible. Let’s see how true this statement is.
What components of electric vehicles are most likely to break down?
The first node that can become a source of problems is the battery. Overheating of the battery and electronics can result in poor performance and shortened life. However, modern electric vehicles are equipped with cooling systems that help prevent overheating and ensure optimal battery conditions.
Another common problem is battery depletion. Over time and use, the battery can lose its original capacity, resulting in a reduction in the range of an electric vehicle. However, most manufacturers provide battery warranties with a certain level of retained capacity for a certain amount of time.
In addition to the battery, the electric motor can also be prone to failure. The electric motor is an important part of an electric vehicle, and if it doesn’t work properly, it can cause serious problems. However, compared to internal combustion engines, electric motors typically have fewer moving parts, which reduces the risk of breakdowns.
Typical Electric Vehicle Problems
Air conditioners in electric vehicles can also be a problem. Improper operation of the air conditioner may cause overheating and damage to other components. However, this is the exception rather than the rule, and most EVs are well designed with air conditioning reliability and efficiency in mind.
Another common problem is the transmission. Electric vehicles use various types of transmissions, including direct drive and many others. In some cases, shifting problems or clutch wear may occur. However, modern electric vehicles are increasingly switching to direct drive, which simplifies the transmission system and reduces the likelihood of breakdowns.
Wiring also plays an important role in the operation of electric vehicles, and wiring problems can cause malfunctions in various vehicle systems. Incorrectly installed or damaged wires can cause short circuits or power outages. However, good wire insulation and good installation help reduce the risk of these problems.
Does an electric car need to undergo scheduled maintenance, what does it consist of?
Even though electric vehicles typically require less maintenance than combustion engine vehicles, scheduled maintenance is still recommended. During scheduled maintenance, specialists check the operation of the main systems of an electric vehicle, including the battery, electric motor, transmission, wiring and other components.
Scheduled maintenance may include checking the condition and capacity of the battery, diagnosing the electric motor and cooling system, and inspecting and checking wiring for damage. In addition, it is also recommended to regularly change the air and cabin filters, check the level and condition of the coolant, and other aspects specific to a particular model of an electric vehicle.
In conclusion, we can say that the claim that electric vehicles practically do not break down is an exaggeration. While electric vehicles offer some reliability advantages over internal combustion engine vehicles, they are still prone to breakdowns.
However, it is worth noting that electric vehicles have fewer moving parts and lack of a complex combustion system, making some problems less likely to occur. They usually do not require regular oil and filter changes, and are not prone to problems with clutches and exhaust systems. This reduces maintenance costs and reduces the likelihood of breakdowns associated with these aspects.
In addition, electric vehicles are increasingly the subject of careful design and innovation in electronics and automation. Monitoring and diagnostic systems help to detect problems early and prevent their occurrence. Manufacturers also offer warranties on batteries and other key components, underscoring their confidence in the reliability of their products.
It is important to note that the correct operation and regular maintenance of an electric vehicle can significantly reduce the likelihood of breakdowns. Following the manufacturer’s recommendations for battery charging, cooling system maintenance, and checking key components will help keep your electric vehicle in good condition.
Thus, although electric vehicles are generally less susceptible to some of the typical problems associated with internal combustion engine vehicles, they still require maintenance and can be subject to breakdowns. However, modern technologies and engineering solutions are helping to increase their reliability and service life, making electric vehicles an increasingly attractive option for car enthusiasts.